Skokiaan : another e-mail written by Mr. Peter Bowbrick (2009/3/30)
2009/3/30 Quality Economics <quality.economics@blue...
I should have mentioned perfect hygiene at the abbatoir – they have to have far higher standards than Britain if they are to export to us.
Slavery. August’s tribe in the East would have been threatened by slavers over a thousand years. The last raid was Arab/Portuguese slavers in 1905. I do not know what part his tribe played in this.
The Matabele, based in Bulawayo, were a Zulu offshoot who arrived in 1836. They were one of Chaka’s impi who did not dare return to Zululand after an unsuccessful raid. They used the Zulu system of capturing tribes, enslaving or killing the men, enslaving and marrying the women. Much nastier than commercial slavery. When they settled in Southern Rhodesia they continued this system. There were annual raids on surrounding tribes for grain, cattle and women. This was the nominal excuse for the 1893 Matebele war and the occupation of Matabeleland. It is normally expected that it takes at least one generation to get rid of slavery, after its legal abolition. I do not know how they did it in Rhodesia. There were slave tribes and slave owning tribes. There were slave soldiers in the impi. The children were fathered by slave owners and slave mothers. It was not just a matter of sending people home and returning their property. So there were ex-slaves and slave owners around at the time of Skokiaan. People August’s age would have been born in the residual slavery. And the Matabele war was only 60 years before Skokiaan, closer than we are to the recording of Skokiaan. (by Bill Haley and His Comets in 1959 : http://youtu.be/2z1br3piNmM) [*]
This is still of fundamental importance in Zimbabwe politics, the Matabele/Shona divide.
Google Chaka Zulu, Matabele, Bemba, Yao, Angoni, Slavery Rhodesia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
[*] : nothing to see with The No-No song ! Ringo & His New All Starr Band 2001 :
The Bulawayo Sweet Rhythm Band : Skokiaan (1953/1954) http://youtu.be/oxnXcBBdUBU