08/05/2010

Historique de (We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock (8/05/2010)

bill haley - liège - 14-05-1974 (1)bill haley - liège - 14-05-1974 (2)La chanson Rock Around The Clock fut écrite et composée en novembre 1952 (soit 18 mois avant l'enregistrement par Bill Haley) par Jimmy DeKnight (alias James E. Myers) en collaboration avec un compositeur "freelance", Max C. Freedman. Il est probable, comme cela se faisait couramment à l'époque qu'un éditeur ait proposé Rock Around The Clock à Dave Miller, patron d’Essex Records à Chester (Pennsylvannie) ou à quelqu'un de son entourage mais personne n'en a jamais voulu. C’est finalement Sonny Dae (alias Paschal Vennitti) and His Knights à Chester qui enregistrent le morceau en octobre 1953. (We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock sort sur ARCADE (45-AR-123), un tout petit label appartenant à Jack Howard en mars 1954. (*) RATC se vend à au moins mille copies dans la vallée du Delaware mais n‘est pas distribué au niveau national (coast to coast) par manque d'intérêt d'une Major. Malgré son insistance, "on" lui dénie le droit de l'enregistrer (même pas en démo). Enfin libéré de son contrat avec Essex Records, "Bill Haley and His Comets" pourront enregistrer RATC le 12 avril 1954 au Pythian Temple de New York City. Bill Haley était tellement en retard (arrivant de l'état voisin du New Jersey) pour l'enregistrement qu'il dût s'y reprendre à deux fois dont coût 3 heures de studio (mince ! au prix que coûtait une seule heure...). Le disque est distribué par Decca ( le 78 tours 29124 ) et par DECCA (le single 9-29124) "coast to coast" simultanément avec un autre pays situé en Europe de l'Ouest : la Belgique !!! Label DECCA 9.60.961 en face B de Pinball Boogie de Red Foley (10 mai 1954). Mais revenons environ sept mois auparavant: Bill Haley, parfait musicien et multi-instrumentiste (guitares, slap bass) dispose d’un flair sans pareil et il croit en cette chanson. En septembre 53, il l’ajoute à son répertoire et la joue pour la première fois en public sous son nom de l'époque "Bill Haley With Haley's Comets" dans la station balnéaire de Wildwood-by-the-Sea à l'hôtel HOFBRAU dans le sud du New Jersey (**). Quelques mois plus tard, (We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock ne tarde pas à se classer No 23 dans le Pop chart du Billboard le 29 mai 1954 (***)...La suite fait partie de l'Histoire de la "Popular Music"... Sources : (*) Billboard revue, 20 mars 1954 (**) Jersey City : Da Capo Press, 1987 (***) The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. New York: Billboard Publications, 1984. Pour agrémenter ce topic, j'y rajoute les deux photos que j'ai prises au Conservatoire de Liège le 14/05/74. Photo de droite : de gauche à droite : Ray Cawley, basse et vocals - Rudy Pompilli, sax ténor - Freddy Moore, batterie - Bill Haley, guitare rythmique et vocals - Nick Masters (Nastos), guitare solo, guitare électrique espagnole et vocals et derrière, en retrait mais invisible : Ray Parsons, steel et guitare solo, vocals.

13/06/2008

Bill Haley and his best friend Rudy Pompilli @ the Conservatory in Liège, 14 May 1974: "put your glad rags on...succinct story of rock around the clock" (take 2) revised 2-4-/08/2008

Photos included inside the double LP The Legends Of Rock, MCA CORAL COPS 6292/1-2 (D), Germany, 1973.***The story of RATC: this CD features a bunch of practically all the studio & live recordings cut by Bill Haley.***Previously announced for release in summer 2004 instead of 2006 (30/10) because of the (C)s/licenses of certain cover songs featured on the second disc including i.a. Pat Boone; Freddy Cannon; Chubby Checker; Harry Nilsson; Sonny Dae (first time on LP: LP "Rockaphilly": Roller Coaster 2001, 1978-first time on CD: Varese Fontana, 27 April 2004 [Rock & Roll/The First 50 Years: The 50s-track 26); The Deep River Boys, Phil Flowers, Ted Herold, Lee Jackson, Jimmy De Knight, Buddy Knox, Carl Perkins, The Isley Brothers, Dinah Lee and, Mae West (both female cover songs)...***Admittedly, there could be a third CD and many others containing other rarest versions as well as those presented here...Maybe in 2015, Klaus?***Haley fans: buy this 2 CD box set!***Hydra Records BCK 27128-1.5 (and the other ones too)***Succinct RATC story of the 2nd take (no more than 2):***Written and composed in November 1952 in Philadelphia, Pa. by Jimmy De Knight (alias James E. Myers) and "freelance" composer Max C. Freedman.***First recorded circa October 1953 by Sonny Dae and His Knights in Philadelphia and released by tiny label ARCADE (45-AR-123), owned by Jack Howard (Bb r&b revue, 20 March 1954).***Has anybody ever seen a stock disc or a DJ copy in Europe?***Dae's o.v. sold thousand RATC in the Delaware Valley but did not chart nationally because the tiny label had no national distribution.***Finally recorded by Bill Haley And His Comets at Pythian Temple (a one-time dance club converted into a studio /(an opium-smoker's dream: at what time???) located at 135, West 70th Street, New York City this 12 April 1954, released by DECCA (Personality Series) and produced by Milt Gabler (29124 [78 RPM] on 10 May 1954, "Fox Trot/Vocal Chorus by Bill Haley" (who was late) as beeing a fox trot seeing they didn't know how to call this music.***RATC entered the US BB chart at #23 Pop on 29 May 1954.***Also issued in Belgium on OMEGA (78 & 45 RPM featuring on the B-side "Pinball Boogie" by Red Foley at the same time (see other article). The next year RATC was used as the movie theme for the Blackboard Jungle film (premiere in NYC on 19 March 1955).***DECCA re-released RATC on 28 May 1955 (9-29124 [+ 1954-same reference]). It reached BB US R&B #3 then crossed over at Pop #1 on 9 July 1955.***Reissued in Belgium on DECCA also at the same time.***RATC in the US (A.C.T.: coast to coast, under control, accepted by all) & in the UK (in the early 70s under control of Scotland Yard: info from Belgian Press at the time of the brand new Belgian Wallonie Top 30 in 1973-eaoe)***Official Charts (American Chart Toppers (Top 100) / British Chart Toppers (Top 20) both launched on 1st January 1955.***1) enters the A.C.T. on 21/05/1955 topping on 9/07/1955 for 8 weeks; 2) enters the B.C.T. on 7/01/1955 reaching #17 two weeks later, re-enters on 14/10/1955 topping on 25/11/1955 for 11 weeks then re-enters once again on 21/09/1956 peaking at #5 a few weeks later.***Also B.C.T.'s #25 in January 1957 dropping out for a week before making its fifth and final re-entry on Columbia/Brunswick at #22.***Source: Rock File no 4 - Panther Books Ltd., Great Britain, 1st Pub. 1976.***Nota: when Bill Haley added the song to the band's repertoire in the summer (late September) of 1953 (Bill Haley With Bill Haley's Comets), during a stand in the Southern New Jersey beach resort of Wildwood-by-the-Sea at the HOTEL HOFBRAU (as seen on an image) ( [HofBrau?: curious spelling!], RATC became a big crowd pleaser.***Hofbräu means Court brew.***According to most estimates, RATC has sold well over one hundred million copies to date.***What Was The First Rock And Roll Record? (US 1992 sources from i.a. The Rockin' Fifties. Jersey City: Da Capo Press, 1987 and John Swenson. Bill Haley. London: W.H. Allen & Co., 1982): RATC!!!Bill Haley - Conservatoire - Liege - 14 mai 1974Bill Haley - Conservatoire - Liege - 14 mai 1974 (Rudy Pompilli)The story of RATC - CD 2006